It would be better if some man [of] sanguine mind was here, for I am forced to order according to my convictions.”, Journalists covering his movements described that “it was soon whispered about that he was suffering from mental depression,” and that he was “a bundle of nerves all strung to their highest tension.” A December 11, 1861 headline from the Cincinnati Commercial [PDF] read, “General William T. Sherman Insane,” and another paper proclaimed, “General Sherman, who lately commanded in Kentucky, is said to be insane. The marriage ceremony was attended by a large and distinguished company, embracing Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, T.H. Artillery. His older brother Charles became a federal judge. In 1859 became head of a military school in Alexandria, La. Once back in good spirits, Sherman was assigned to Cairo, Illinois, where he served as the logistical coordinator for someone who would become his military confidante and good friend: Ulysses S. Grant. He died in New York on Feb. 14, 1891. A simple William Sherman autograph letter signed during the Civil War can sell for $2,500 while an excellent one can sell for $10,000, plus or minus, depending on how great the content is. In 1829, his father, Ohio State Supreme Court justice Charles R. Sherman, died, and his mother, Mary Hoyt Sherman, couldn't support the children. His father gave him his unusual middle name as a nod to the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, a magnetic leader who built a confederacy of Ohio Indian tribes and fought with the British during the War of 1812. âSherman's Civil War: selected correspondence of William T. Sherman, 1860-1865â, The University of North Carolina Press 27 Copy quote I would make this war as severe as possible, and show no symptoms of tiring till the South begs for mercy. Following a promising performance at July 1861’s First Battle of Bull Run, Sherman was promoted to brigadier general and eventually given command of Union troops in Kentucky and Tennessee. I’ve seen thousands of men lying on the ground, their dead faces looking up at the skies. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Most of the Sherman children were fostered out to live with other families.Sherman, nicknamed âCump,â was raised by John Ewing, a family friend â¦ William Tecumseh Sherman (known as Cump to his friends) was born in Lancaster, Ohio, on February 8, 1820. William T. Sherman (1820-91) â his brother was US senator. Despite his reputation for “hard” warfare, Sherman could also be surprisingly—perhaps even naively—generous in victory. Upon hearing "Tecumseh," Lewis says, the priest proclaimed that “He must be named for a saint,” and because it was the feast of St. William, the child would be baptized William. Birthplace: Lancaster, Ohio Date of Death: February 14,1891 Cause: Pneumonia Place of Death: New York City Height: About 6 feet Nationality: American Ancestry: English Occupation before Civil War: Army Officer, banker, lawyer, superintendent of Louisiana State Seminary of Learning & Military Academy (now Louisiana State Univ,) Occupation during Civil War: Union Army General Occupâ¦ But by 1857, financial difficulties in California forced the bank to close. Sherman later helped write a letter Mason sent to Washington relaying their findings, effectively opening up California for prospectors. A relative later wrote that Shermans father always shook off concerns that he had given his son a savage Indian â¦ “I would prefer to have this a white man’s war," he said. His father, unfortunately, died when he was nine years old. Shermanâs mother was left to raise 11 children. Er kämpfte auf Seiten der Nordstaaten. Explore the best of William T. Sherman Quotes, as voted by our community. According to the National Archives, "By the end of the Civil War, roughly 179,000 black men (10 percent of the Union Army) served as soldiers in the U.S. Army and another 19,000 served in the Navy ... Because of prejudice against them, black units were not used in combat as extensively as they might have been. William Tecumseh Sherman William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891), American soldier, was a Union general during the Civil War. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Never an outstanding battle captain, he nevertheless won high honors by his talent for devising sweeping campaiâ¦ William Tecumseh Sherman was an American soldier who rose to the rank of General during the American Civil war. Slave Auction Business in Atlanta, 1864. Credit: George N. Barnard via Wikimedia (Public Domain). Sherman took a job as headmaster of a military academy in Louisiana in January 1860 thanks to referrals from two friends, Braxton Bragg and P.G.T. Then, as now, neatness in dress and form, with a strict conformity to the rules, were the qualifications required for office, and I suppose I was found not to excel in any of these. His tenure as commanding general was marred by political difficulties, many of which stemmed from disagreements â¦ Left army in 1853 to go into banking. Sherman was initially unconvinced, saying, "You might as well attempt to put out the flames of a burning house with a squirt-gun.” But he requested that his brother, Ohio Senator John Sherman, get him a commission as a colonel in the Army. While general, his army burned the cities of Atlanta and Savannah. His younger brother John served in the U.S. Senate. From high highs leading troops during the Civil War, to low lows in his business failures, he remains a controversial figure to this day. The death of Shermanâs father when he was 9 left his mother a poor widow with 11 children. Birthday: February 8, 1820 Birth Name: William Tecumseh Sherman. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. William Tecumseh Sherman My average demerits, per annum, were about one hundred and fifty, which reduced my final class standing from four to six.”. On the 150th anniversary of the fall of the city of Atlanta to the Union Army's Division of the Mississippi during the Civil War, we're launching a new online group of artifacts related to Union Army General William Tecumseh Sherman. While he proved a competent businessman, the move corresponded with the bursting of the Gold Rush bubble, and his branch collapsed in the ensuing financial hysteria. William T. Sherman was a general in the Union Army. He was concerned that his force wasn’t strong enough to take on the Confederates, and with all the detachments he was sending to protect various areas, his force was weakened even further. When asked about Sherman’s whereabouts, a worried President Lincoln is said to have responded, “We know what hole he went in, but we don’t know what hole he will come out of.” Sherman would finally reappear on December 22, having slashed and burned his way through the heart of Georgia. The sweeping agreement enraged U.S. Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, who rejected it out of hand and criticized Sherman for giving up “all the advantages we had gained from the war.” Joseph Johnston was forced to surrender under more conventional terms, but he went on to become a good friend to Sherman, and even served as a pallbearer at his old adversary’s funeral in 1891. It is charitable to think so.”, He was relieved of his command on November 8, and was eventually given three weeks’ leave to go back home to Lancaster, Ohio, where Ellen helped treat "that melancholy insanity to which your family is subject.". Lick 'em tomorrow, though.’", Most of Sherman’s combat reputation comes from his March to the Sea, a month-long campaign, where he was given free rein to use his 60,000 troops to disrupt industry, infrastructure, and civilian property in Georgia deep behind enemy lines as a way to cripple the Confederate economy. He was the son of Charles Robert Sherman and Mary Hoyt Sherman. Perhaps best known for his 1864 âMarch to the Sea,â William Tecumseh âCumpâ Sherman (1820â1891) was born in Lancaster, Ohio. William Tecumseh Sherman was a U.S. Civil War Union Army leader known for "Sherman's March," in which he and his troops laid waste to the South. Sherman was fond of the Ewings’ eldest daughter, Ellen, and frequently corresponded with her while at West Point. He left behind no inheritance. Sherman took to the job with characteristic vigor, orchestrating the relocation of the tribes and warning their chiefs, “you cannot stop the locomotive any more than you can stop the sun or the moon, and you must submit.” To help break the natives’ spirit, Sherman took a page from his Civil War playbook and set his sights on destroying one of their primary resources: the buffalo. Who Was William Tecumseh Sherman? ), Citing his lack of experience, he resigned his commission in 1853 and set out to build a career in the private sector. William T. Sherman. “The utter destruction of [Georgia's] roads, houses and people,” he wrote, “will cripple their military resources … I can make the march and make Georgia howl!” It was a technique that became known as “hard war.” (He would eventually employ this same tactic in campaigns against Native American tribes after the war.) His birthplace was in Lancaster, Ohio. Sherman hadn’t wanted the role, and in short order, the weight of its responsibilities took a toll on his mental health. I’ve seen cities and homes in ashes. He later signed on as the first superintendent of the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy—the school that would become Louisiana State University. When he accepted Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston’s surrender in Durham, North Carolina, in April 1865, Sherman offered very forgiving terms that granted general amnesty to the rebels and even allowed for the Southern states to immediately re-enter the Union upon swearing an oath of allegiance. Didn't do too well. (He would eventually become one of the few high-ranking officers during the Civil War who didn’t fight in Mexico. When the pair met up later that night after fending off Confederate attacks, historian Bruce Catton said, “He came on Grant, at last, at midnight or later, standing under the tree in the heavy rain, hat slouched down over his face, coat-collar up around his ears, a dimly glowing lantern in his hand, cigar clenched between his teeth. Of the dangerous campaign, Sherman wrote to his superiors, saying, “I am going into the very bowels of the Confederacy, and will leave a trail that will be recognized fifty years hence.”, In fact, he was prejudiced: In 1860, he wrote, “All the Congresses on earth can’t make the negro anything else than what he is; he must be subject to the white man, or he must amalgamate or be destroyed. Following a long engagement, the two were married in 1850 in a Washington, D.C., ceremony attended by the likes of President Zachary Taylor, Henry Clay and Daniel Webster. 16-year-old Sherman joined the United States Military Academy, and after graduation started his service as Second Lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. Sherman and Johnston went on to become a good friends, and the latter even served as a pallbearer at his former adversary’s funeral in 1891. But one day the priest was told that Sherman “had never really been baptized.” After getting permission from Sherman’s mother, the priest asked for Sherman’s name. He was eventually moved again, and served in California during the Mexican-American War in a largely administrative role. When word of the terms made its way to Washington, an immediate backlash ensued. William T. Sherman was born on February 8, 1820, in Lancaster, Ohio. And his brother Hoyt was a successfuâ¦ In less than a year, California’s population more than quadrupled after thousands of speculators journeyed west to make their fortune. His willingness to do whatever it took to destroy the South's will to fight helped win the war for the North. William Tecumseh Sherman was born February 8, 1820, in Lancaster, OH. Sherman continued his harsh policies after becoming commanding general of the army in 1869, and by the 1870s, he had helped force most of the Plains peoples onto reservations. A relative later wrote that Sherman’s father always shook off concerns that he had given his son a “savage Indian name” by arguing, “Tecumseh was a great warrior.”. !’ until it assumed the character of a fever. 28 Aug. became 2nd in command in Ky. under Robert Anderson, took over command on 8 Oct. Historians have since speculated that he was suffering from depression or nervous exhaustion, but whatever its cause, the general’s bizarre behavior eventually found its way into the papers, some of which labeled him insane. But Sherman himself wrote in his autobiography that “when I came along, on the 8th of February, 1820 ... my father succeeded in his original purpose, and named me William Tecumseh.” Today, most historians prefer the autobiographical source and agree he was born William Tecumseh, though he did go by his middle name when he was young—family members called him “Cump. After graduating from West Point, Sherman was assigned to fight in the Second Seminole War, and was primarily stationed in the South. After the war his name came up numerous times as a prospective Republican nominee for president. Capsule biography; West Point 1840; During Mexican War stationed in California. After losing his father at the age of 9, Sherman was sent to live with Thomas Ewing, a renowned Ohio attorney and family friend who later served as a senator and the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury. Despite failing in his career as a banker, Sherman was directly involved in the expansion of the California Gold Rush. Sherman looked at him; then, ‘moved,’ as he put it later, ‘by some wise and sudden instinct’ not to talk about retreat, he said: ‘Well, Grant, we've had the devil's own day, haven't we?’ Grant said ‘Yes,’ and his cigar glowed in the darkness as he gave a quick, hard puff at it, ‘Yes. Benton, President [Zachary] Taylor, and all his cabinet.” The newlyweds soon moved to St. Louis, Missouri. Fellow cadet and eventual Civil War general William Rosecrans remembered Sherman as “one of the brightest and most popular fellows.”, Sherman's recollections of his school performance were quite different: He later wrote in his memoirs that “I was not considered a good soldier, for at no time was I selected for any office, but remained a private throughout the whole four years. William Tecumseh Sherman invaded Georgia from the north. Sherman then launched his March to the Sea, a 50-mile- (80-km-) wide swath of total destructionâ¦ Ulysses S. â¦ The young Sherman grew close with Ewing’s eldest daughter, Ellen, and they regularly corresponded through letters during his tenure at West Point and his early military career. They are as stated and the future looks as dark as possible. In July 1861, Sherman fought in the disastrous First Battle of Bull Run, where the Union troops were badly beaten. Sein Name ist eng verbunden mit der Einnahme Atlantas und dem daran anschließenden Marsch nach Savannah, Georgia, der als Shermans Marsch zum Meer in die amerikanische Geschichte einging. (A few years later, when he was considering a job in London, he told his wife, “I suppose I was the Jonah that blew up San Francisco, and it only took two months’ residence in Wall Street to bust up New York, and I think my arrival in London will be the signal of the downfall of that mighty empire.”). Sherman allegedly thought that the actors onstage were butchering their roles so badly that he couldn’t bear watching any longer, and supposedly voiced his discouragement out loud for audience members to hear. Days after Lincoln was assassinated in April 1865, the general met with Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston in Durham, North Carolina to accept the surrender of the Confederate armies that were still fighting in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida. When the Republican National Convention of 1884 tapped him as a serious potential candidate, he sent them a straightforward rejection: “I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected.” He died in 1891 of pneumonia. Sherman is mostly known for his use of "total war." He then went on a fact-finding mission with Mason to determine whether there was more gold in California, where he said, “Stories reached us of fabulous discoveries, and spread throughout the land. His father died while William was still a boy and after his fatherâs death, he was raised by a family friend, attorney Thomas Ewing. "With my opinion of negroes and my experience, yea prejudice, I cannot trust them yet ... with arms in positions of danger.”. Everybody was talking of ‘Gold! He graduated sixth in his class. Following his father's untimely death in 1829, Sherman was sent to live with the family of Thomas Ewing. In September of that same year his army captured Atlanta before embarking on its March to the Sea, from Atlanta to Savannah, in November. Engraving depicting Sherman’s “march to the sea”, Sherman’s March to the Sea was one of the most stunning operations of the Civil War, yet few people outside of Georgia knew anything about it while it was underway. His father, Charles Robert Sherman was a successful lawyer who sat on the Ohio Supreme Court. Sherman's mother could not take care of all of her children and had several of them adopted into other families. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. On July 25, 1866, Congress created the rank of General of the Army for Grant and then promoted Sherman to lieutenant general. I’ve been through two wars and I know. Here are some fascinating facts about William Tecumseh Sherman. After the Civil War, Sherman was given command of the Military Division of the Mississippi and tasked with pacifying the Plains Indians during the building of the transcontinental railroad. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. He left along with Grant to find a restaurant that served oysters, but when they finally found one, their meal was cut short due to the Union-imposed military curfew. The M4 Sherman tank which was the mainstay of the western allies between 1942 and 1945 was named after the famous Civil War General. A William Sherman autograph endorsement signed during the Civil War is worth $800 â $2,500. Though published accounts differ, he allegedly told the cadets, “War is Hell!”, Some cite the speech as saying, “You don’t know the horrible aspects of war. The plan meant the Confederates could only speculate about where Sherman and his 60,000-strong rampaging army were headed, but it also left the Union high command in the dark about the mission’s progress. Digital ID # cwpb 03379. During the U.S. Civil War, General William Tecumseh Sherman â¦ ", In 1836, then-Senator Ewing secured an appointment for the 16-year-old Sherman to enter West Point as a cadet. Of the long-time-coming occasion, Sherman, in his typical straightforward manner, simply wrote in his memoirs, “I was married to Miss Ellen Boyle Ewing, daughter of the Hon. Capturing it Supreme Court sixteen black soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor city before finally capturing it a., was a general in the U.S. Senate then tried becoming a lawyer in Kansas other. In St. Louis, Missouri Sherman is mostly known for his first part of his life of! Until it assumed the character of a fever Louis-based bank general in the Civil War generals Braxton Bragg and Thomas—had! 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