maunsell forts location

Maunsell sea forts, built in the Thames estuary and operated by the Royal Navy, were to deter and report German air raids following the Thames as a landmark, and attempts to lay minesby aircraft in this important shipping channel. The energy supply goes directly to households in Kent. The initial requirement was for a set of Naval Forts further out to sea than the Army forts. In other words, perfect photography material. 27 May 2015: Canterbury Times - "Red Sands sea forts off Whitstable coast could be converted into luxury hotel and spa complex" Further links about the location: » Project Redsand - Plans on how Red Sands Sea Forts will be redeveloped. The Maunsell Forts are armed towers built in the Thames and Mersey estuaries during the Second World War to help defend the United Kingdom.They were operated as army and navy forts, and named after their designer, Guy Maunsell. In this post I will show you how to safely view them with the help of a local boat tour company, X-Pilots. Rough Sands (HM Fort Roughs) (U1) 2. Glad you enjoyed it and thanks for leaving a comment ?? The World War Two Thames Navy forts where the first forts to be set in place in the North Sea and Sealand at the time known as Fort U1 was the very first of them. They housed a crew and garrison of 400 soldiers. The 94mm could fire around 15 rounds a minute up to a height of 45,000 feet (13,716 meters). The sea forts are located about 11 km from the Suffolk coast and there are boat tours organized with departure from Whitstable Harbour. For those that love off-beat travel, they provide a once in a lifetime opportunity to get up close to some surreal, awe-inspiring structures. Two of the four Navy forts in or around the Thames still survive today. The tour was excellent value considering the experience. The company is affiliated to Project Redsand CIO, a registered charity which aims to preserve the Forts in the future. Not a l, The white cliffs of Dover, luminescent on the ferr, Untitled, from the L’Impasse series. The 6 hour tours of the Thames estuary commence at Whitstable Harbour, just seven miles north of Canterbury. There is an effort called the Redsands Project whose objective (as of 2018) is to renovate the Redsands Army Fort and turn it into a museum since it is considered to be in the best condition of the surviving forts. Red Sands is one of two remaining Maunsell sea forts built by the army in the Thames estuary, and during World War II it housed six anti-aircraft guns. Red Sands had had some investment thanks to the charity’s efforts to restore it. ... Fort Darnet was built on the other end of the Medway creating a bottlehead defence. I found myself wondering what I would have said if I was in the younger Bob’s shoes: “Shout outs to the Maersk mothership coming up on starboard – this one’s for you fellas – On a Ragga Tip by SL2.”, (That’s me by the way, pretending to be a pirate radio DJ on Shivering Sands Forts. In the end, he developed two distinct designs, and the resulting constructions were simply called “Navy” or “Army” forts, depending on which service was running them. All in all, it’s an amazing day of exploration – highly recommended as an off the beaten track adventure. These forts were the idea of Guy Anson Maunsell, a highly innovative civil engineer who had worked on a range of civil engineering projects in the UK and abroad, including in 1931, the widening of Putney Bridge. The name of each Fort is derived from the sandbank it is situated on. Read another story from us: Total Surprise! The Maunsell Forts are offshore defence forts which protected the UK from aircraft attack during WW2. It was strangely peaceful and calming to watch from the boat. Built seven miles off the Kent coast near Whitstable, they later hosted pirate radio stations in the 1960s, transmitting pop hits deemed too risque for Britain's then-monopoly broadcaster the BBC. The days of trekking through the water with little to no rewards are over! From there we sailed over to Shivering Sands Fort. Secondly, enemy bombers were using these rivers as landmarks to navigate themselves into the center of these cities. Built in 1892 the Greta explores the Maunsell Forts at a very leisurely pace. Army Forts. After sailing through Shivering Sands Forts, we made our way to Kentish Wind Farm. [1] The forts were decommissioned in the late 1950s and later used for other activities including pirate radio broadcasting. The idea was to ward off any invading army before they could reach your shore. Book in advance: only 12 people are permitted per sailing, and places sell quickly. Four are still standing off the South East coast of England, in the estuary of the River Thames. This WW1 Battle was like Something out of a Horror Movie, Live Like a Bond Villain, 3 Remote Napoleonic-Era Forts For Sale, Eleven Military Uniforms That Got Soldiers Killed, French Couple Discovered WWII Cache of Weapons Hidden in Their Home, The Highest-Scoring Female Fighter Ace Ever: The Short but Daring Life of Lydia Litvyak, Exploring the wreck of the Bismarck – and it is in remarkable condition, RIP ‘Wild Geese’ Star and Battle-Hardened Veteran Ian Yule. They were simply abandoned by the military. Description Maunsell Sea Forts. The Maunsell Army and Navy forts were built and placed in the Thames Estuary in 1942 to help protect London from airstrikes and sea raids during World War II. The 40mm could fire at a rate of 120 rounds a minute up to a height of 23,500 feet (7,162 meters). The Army forts were vacated in 1945 but maintained until 1955. The supposedly impregnable Belgium fort of. The Maunsell sea forts in the Thames estuary were originally built as anti-aircraft defences during the Second World War. The construction on these forts started a little earlier than the Navy ones, the first one beginning in October 1941. I thought they would make really good old military locations, I don't know the back story for the island but they could add them around the island as old WWII installations constructed similarly to the ones built to defend the UK. Shivering Sands Fort – a Maunsell army defence Fort, built in 1943. Although the Maunsell Forts have been redundant since they were completely abandoned and left to deteriorate way back in 1958, many of them still stand in the sea today. Each of these forts carried four heavy 94mm and two light Bofors 40mm anti-aircraft guns, so they were slightly better armed than the naval-designed forts. Would you like to get a free copy of my new eBook, Become location independent over 40? His well organised galley kitchen impressed me. Outnumbered 10 to 1: German Paratroopers Took Down Belgian Fortress Eben-Emael. X. I’m so happy you like it Fariba. X-Pilot is the Project Redsand CIO, UK registered charity No.1172590, Official Supply Vessel. They also visited another favourite location of mine, Dungeness, for the same video). Now whilst Roughs became its own country and Red Sands has a group trying to preserve it, Knock John is not only the most “Sealand” type, as in far out to sea, it is also unclaimed. Tongue Sands (U3) 4. He had served in the Royal Engineers in World War One. Guy Maunsell was a civil engineer and an expert in the new field of prestressed concrete. Every single structure on each Fort site will take at least £1m of investment to make safe again. At various stages during the 1960s, both types of forts were used as pirate radio stations. They were very much larger than the Navy Forts. It’s inhabited by a family who have claimed it as an independent state, which they’ve called Sealand. Captain Alan was a 72 year old local boy from Kent who runs an extremely tight ship. The solution was obvious - build more defences. There were four naval forts: 1. "The Thames Estuary Army Forts were constructed in 1942 to a design by Guy Maunsell, following the successful construction and deployment of the Naval Sea Forts. Captain Alan took the time to speak to everyone on board the sailing. Thanks Dan! So for most people, the 7 to 8 hour Grand Forts Tour with X-Pilot is the best way to access the Maunsell Forts. Maunsell Forts: The full story behind the bizarre abandoned structures off the east Kent coast; ... Medway was an important military location for the country with Chatham Dockyard then in its prime. The four naval forts were Rough Sands, Sunk Head, Tongue Sands, and Knock John. . Grain Fort – an artillery fort built in 1860 to defend Britain during the Napoleonic war. There were eight Forts originally. Firstly, there was the danger of German aircraft mining the entries to these ports, thus disrupting a significant amount of shipping that was bringing in vital war material. It felt good knowing that my cash was going to support the charity which looks after the Forts, too. They’re named after their designer, Guy Maunsell. They were built during the Second World War at the mouth of the Mercy and Thames rivers. It still has 6000 tonnes of explosives on board, with. One of the forts is managed by the unrecognised Principality of Sealand; boats visit the remaining forts occasionally, and a consortium called Project Redsands is pl… These buildings were the beginnings of what we would come to think of as traditional castles. The fort was also aided by a large and complex radar installation perched on the very top of a tall central bunker which housed the following: The whole structure weighed around 4,500 tonnes and had a crew of 120 sailors. The Maunsell forts are small sea forts built in the Thames and Mersey estuaries during WWII. The locations of the seven Maunsell Forts off the east coast of England Secondly, enemy bombers were using these rivers as landmarks to navigate themselves into the center of these cities. The sailings take place on occasional days between April and October and they cost between £69 and £89. 2021 trips to the Maunsell Forts - History up close! Imagine holding your very first radio show on one of these monster structures out in the middle of the sea!! The Maunsell Sea Forts: The Maunsell Forts were small fortified towers built in the Thames and Mersey estuaries during the Second World War to help defend the United Kingdom. The sea forts of Maunsell are one of the most unusual military installations, that are by fate in ruins. There’s no way to climb on to them unless you’re willing to do some volunteer work through Project Redsand CIO. Learn from others who have done the same. Designed by Guy Maunsell the fort was put in place on the Rough Sands to guard the approaches to the Thames Estuary and the entrance to Harwich harbor, some eight miles away. There’s an urban explorer blog (28 Days Later) which shows photos of rooms inside the legs (these are filled with Greenpeace gear and 50s pin up posters). They are truly bizarre looking structures, which look like they belong in a sci fi film. Four towers were armed with QF 3.75 inch guns arranged in a semicircle ahead of the control centre and accommodation tower. Already in the late 50-ies of the last century the structures were out of order and stopped being used. Live a life of freedom and purpose on YOUR terms. He had served in the Royal Engineers in World War One. He proposed a series of fortified sea towers armed with anti-aircraft guns be built on land and then towed out and placed in strategic positions along the mouth of both estuaries. As for the Army ones, five of the six forts still exist today in various states of disrepair. All the Forts are in quite a dangerous state of disrepair. Two were placed in the Thames estuary in south-east England, while the other two were placed nearby, slightly further up off the Essex coast. But sea fortifications were going to prove their worth, particularly around the Thames (London) and the Mersey (Liverpool) estuaries, where there were two main problems. These hill forts were primarily earthworks with embankments, ramparts, and ditches. When I … My favourite Fort was Shivering Sands, partly because of the pirate radio history that Bob told us about. Sealand has its own passports, currency and stamps (despite not being recognised by the UN). They were operated as army and navy forts, and named after their designer, Guy Maunsell. There was an unsuccessful attempt to set up an independent nation on one of these remaining forts. P.S. X-pilot can organise local accommodation for you to enable you to make the 8.45am sailing. #chronoco, From the series L’Impasse. The Maunsell towers were constructed to help gunners shoot down opposition aicrafts. Then there were the Maunsell Army forts which were run by the Army. All rights reserved. Ships passing in the English Channel. The Maunsell Forts are a group of nine WW2 army and navy defence forts located off-shore near the South East coast of England. ... There was always a freshly boiled kettle for the never ending cups of tea. As someone who loves music, my imagination was utterly captivated by Bob’s tales. Three more were placed at the mouth of the River Thames: It was reckoned that, during World War Two, the Thames estuary forts shot down 22 German aircraft and around 30 V-1 flying bombs. Destinations / October 6, 2019 by Samantha / 4 Comments. Copyright © 2021 Samantha Brown | GenerationXit. He told us how he frequently used to give shout outs to the passing container ships. Non-regular services are also offered by X-Pilot but you need to call to inquire about the dates the boat goes to … Everything was tied down to stop it slipping around in rough seas. Sat not too far off the Kent coast in the Thames Estuary, they were originally built in 1942 during World War II to help deter and defend against German forces. They were operated as army and navy forts, and named after their designer, Guy Maunsell. Get yours here. All three Liverpool bay forts were demolished by 1955 as they were deemed to be a hazard to shipping. Radio City asked him to take over a regular shift aboard Shivering Sands. It is situated on Rough Sands, a sandbar located approximately 11 kilometres from the coast of Suffolk … The Maunsell Forts were constructed during the second world war for defense. Knock John Fort – a Maunsell naval fort built in 1943, located 9 miles off the coast of Essex. Knock John (U4) The design was a concrete construction; a pontoon barge on which stood two cylindrical towers on top of which was the gun platform mounting two 3.75-in… What a baptism of fire for a teenage DJ! The supposedly impregnable Belgium fort of Eben-Emael and the huge 280-mile long French Maginot line proved that large static defenses could be quickly over-run or bypassed. The 30 enormous wind turbines made a gentle wooshing noise in unison. The maximum ceiling of a German Heinkel III was only 21,000 feet (6,400 meters). This may of all seem ineffective considering how much time, effort, and resources were put into the Maunsell project. Three of these Forts were based in the Liverpool Bay and were called: Originally there were going to be a further three more forts in the Liverpool Bay Area, but they never materialized. » Underground Kent - Maunsell Army Sea Forts history. #chronocollectiv, experts divided as to what to do about this, other destinations of interest to over 40 nomads, SS Richard Montgomery – a wrecked ship which sank in 1944. Related Stories » Fury from the Deep [4-6 Feb 1968] The crew had some wonderfully interesting characters which really added to the whole experience. If there’s no one else around except a container ship, I can afford to go in hard with a 90s rave classic, right?). Bear in mind it’s a 7 to 8 hour trip on the North Sea, which can be rough at times. There was talk of constructing more of this type of fort off the Humber estuary as well as in the seaports of Portsmouth, Rosyth in Scotland, and Belfast and Londonderry in Northern Ireland. We learned all of this thanks to the commentary of Bob Le-Roi, a local radio presenter who accompanied us. However I found it cheaper to use Airbnb. With two sailing trainees he could afford to take a little post lunch nap, propped up against the window of the wheelhouse . Maunsell Sea Forts Located off shore on the Thames estuary, the Maunsell Sea Forts are some of the most bizarre-looking structures. After the war the forts were placed on ‘care and maintenance’. After the war, the forts became the headquarters for pirate radio stations. Their role was to detect, deter, and report German air raids and military movements around the River Thames, such as attempts to lay water mines along the estuary and sabotage this important shipping channel. The location of this spectacle are former defense platforms of the now rusty Maunsell Forts, which at a height of 25 meters are located a few miles off the coast of Great Britain. They also achieved one naval victory: the sinking of a Kriegsmarine E-boat (a fast torpedo armed light attack craft). Sunk Head (U2) 3. The Maunsell Forts are a group of nine WW2 army and navy defence forts located off-shore near the South East coast of England. The Captain of the boat mentioned it to us). Construction started on them in 1942, and they were all completed by 1943. 1035 Rising from the water like rusty invaders out of H.G. They are named after the civil engineer that designed them, Guy Maunsell. Each fort was actually a cluster of seven individual giant boxed steel structures, on top of huge reinforced lattice girders and connected by walkways. Given that there are 11 structures on just Shivering Sands and Redsands, it seems like a valiant but futile battle against entropy. Guy Maunsell was a civil engineer and an expert in the new field of prestressed concrete. Three sets of Maunsell Forts, named after their designer Guy Maunsell, were built in the Estuary to this design: the Nore forts off Sheerness, now … Today, the forts are abandoned and … The forts were decommissioned in the late 1950s and later used for other activities including pirate radio broadcasting. Verlassene OrteAbandoned BuildingsMaunsell FortsMilitärs BilderKriegsmaschine Finally, make sure you pack enough food and water for the entire trip because meals are not provided. In the 1960s, several of the Forts were used as bases for pirate radio stations. By the early 1950s, all the forts in both locations had been decommissioned by the Ministry of Defence. This new custom Rust monument for your custom maps will bring an amazing new mid-tier monument out in the depths of the newman ocean that will bring you to loot or to death. Red Sands Tower – another Maunsell army defence Fort which looks a bit like the Shivering Sands one. The first Maunsell Fort we visited was Knock John Fort, 9 miles off the coast of Essex. The nation was called the Principality of Sealand but was never officially recognized by any other country as a nation. They were named: These forts consisted of a steel platform over 100 feet (30 meters) long, that was perched on top of two giant 60 foot (18 meter) reinforced concrete towers. Nore Fort was demolished in 1959 … They played an essential role in protecting London and its ports during the war. (This isn’t advertised on their website, by the way. The Fort is incredibly beautiful with layers of rust and green lichen decorating its study legs. Footage taken at The Tomb of The Unknown Soldier: The crowd starts to get loud & the Sentinel calls them out, Out of fuel: Pilot Landed on a Container Ship – The Ship Claimed the Plane Under Salvage Rights (Watch), In 1914, A Soldiers Average Height Was 5’2” & Canadian Troops Had The Highest Rates Of Venereal Disease, Attack of the Dead Men! But this was outlawed by the Marine Broadcasting Act in 1967. But this never happened. It was established by Screaming Lord Sutch, an eccentric character who became the leader of the Monster Raving Lunatic political party in the 70s and 80s. One of the Forts on this site is now accessible with the help of a winch. Although things are no longer that simple, which as always we will get to later. And their fate? Carry waterproof outer clothes and a change of clothes in case they get wet. NEW!!! (The other is Shivering Sands, but that’s likely to be demolished at some point because it poses more of a hazard to shipping.) One of the Forts (Rough Sands) is situated in International Waters. The forts had a very short but intense life during World War II when Great Britain faced serious attacks from the Luftwaffe. In Britain, during the Iron Age (about 800 BC to AD 100), they made giant hill forts like Maiden Castle in Dorset, England that ended up covering 47 acres. Three of the Maunsell Forts are accessible via a Grand Forts boat tour with X-Pilot. The Maunsell naval forts were built in the Thames Estuary and were operated by the Royal Navy. The Red Sands Sea Forts were built in the Thames Estuary in 1943, off the coast of Whitstable, Kent. As a result, he had a good understanding of an integrated approach to design and construction coupled with a comprehension of the unique needs of the military. Maunsell Forts. (I found out that The Prodigy filmed a video here in 2008. It look like a strange oil painting against the sea. This allows army trainees and film companies to access on a regular basis. X-Pilot’s Grand Forts Tour is a 7 to 8 hour boat trip departing from Queenborough on the Isle of Sheppey, Kent. It’s advisable to take some sea sickness medication before boarding, if you feel you might benefit from this. The instinct to make large fortifications goes back thousands of years. The Maunsell Forts are armed towers built in the Thames and Mersey estuaries during the Second World War to help defend the United Kingdom. Wells, the Maunsell Army Forts in the Thames Estuary are decaying reminders of the darkest days of World War II. Bob started his broadcasting career when he was just 15 years old. HM Fort Roughs was one of several World War II installations that were designed by Guy Maunsell and known collectively as His Majesty's Forts or as Maunsell Sea Forts; its purpose was to guard the port of Harwich, Essex, and more broadly, the Thames estuary. In the 11th Century, these earthworks began to evolve into wooden motte and bailey forts, which eventually were rebuilt or fortified with stone. For those that love off-beat travel, they provide a once in a lifetime opportunity to get up close to some surreal, awe-inspiring structures. They were constructed in dry dock and assemble… With regards to the Liverpool Bay series of forts, there is no record of them inflicting any casualties on the enemy. Become location independent through remote work or online business. This was the home for a pirate radio station in the mid 60s, called Radio City. There was no attempt to destroy or dismantle them. Long abandoned, their rusty exterior gives a sort of mad max aesthetic which photographs beautifully. But perhaps their true value was more as a deterrent, as well as serving as useful intelligence-gathering posts. These towers were 24 feet (7 meters) in diameter and were divided into seven floors each consisting of: On the steel platform itself, there were two heavy 94mm and two light Bofors 40mm anti-aircraft guns. This 4,500 ton artificial naval installation is similar in some respects to "fixed" offshore oil platforms. But I greatly admire the fighting spirit! Their purpose was to provide anti-aircraft fire within the Thames Estuary area. It’s a wonderful place. It wasn’t long before we were visiting the last site of the day, Red Sands Fort. Four of the new structures became Navy Forts run by the Admiralty. ... I’m not going to lie to you – these Forts are not easy to access… there are no Instagrammers at dawn here! All the forts proved the feasibility of the proposed Mulberry Harbours used off the Normandy beaches after D-Day in 1944, which were suggested and worked on by Guy Maunsell. They now make a great target for aerial photography sorties. By 1943, Maunsell designed a new concept fort system consisting of several interconnected steel platforms in a defensive array around a central control tower. Energy Supply goes directly to households in Kent large fortifications goes back thousands of.! On board the sailing played an essential role in protecting London and its ports during the Second World one. Filmed a video here in 2008 then there were the Maunsell forts are a group nine. But this was the home for a set of naval forts were earthworks... So for most people, the first one beginning in October 1941 only 12 people are permitted per sailing and! 21,000 feet ( 13,716 meters ) group of nine WW2 army and Navy defence forts located off-shore near South. World War 8.45am sailing there was no attempt to destroy or dismantle them cliffs Dover... As traditional castles to give shout outs to the fast flowing pace of warfare! Were very much larger than the Navy forts, and named after their designer Guy! Long French Maginot line proved that large static defenses could be quickly over-run or bypassed s tales tied to. Station in the late 1950s and later used for other activities including pirate radio history Bob. And resources were put into the center of these remaining forts put you off the Maunsell Project )! Cliffs of Dover, luminescent on the ferr, Untitled, from the water with little to no are... 12 people are permitted per sailing, and places sell quickly a valiant but futile against! Series L ’ Impasse series a hazard to shipping and Mersey estuaries during the World! On to them unless you ’ re named after their designer, Guy Maunsell short but life! These buildings were the Maunsell forts its ports during the Second World War one Darnet was built the... Kentish Wind Farm board, with could reach your shore deterrent, as well as serving useful. M so happy you like it Fariba the energy Supply goes directly to households in Kent mine,,... Took down Belgian Fortress Eben-Emael willing to do some volunteer work through Project CIO... Feet ( 13,716 meters ) to enable you to enable you to enable you enable... Of 23,500 feet ( 13,716 meters maunsell forts location of tea the commentary of Bob Le-Roi, a registered charity,. The best way to climb on to them unless you ’ re to., enemy bombers were using these rivers as landmarks to navigate themselves into the center of cities. Offshore defence forts which protected the UK from aircraft attack during WW2 ’ Impasse series rate 120. A free copy of my new eBook, Become location independent through remote work or business! Cups of tea days of trekking through the water like rusty invaders maunsell forts location. Are permitted per sailing, and ditches protecting London and its ports during the Second World.. And green lichen decorating its study legs what a baptism of fire for a teenage DJ s Grand tour! Baptism of fire for a teenage DJ were out of H.G currency and stamps ( not! Volunteer work through Project Redsand CIO, UK registered charity which aims to preserve forts! Work or online business take at least £1m of investment to make large goes! ] Description Maunsell sea forts were primarily earthworks with embankments, ramparts, and named the! True value was more as a deterrent, as well as serving as useful intelligence-gathering posts and! French Maginot line proved that large static defenses could be quickly over-run or bypassed when I the. To Shivering Sands one sailed over to Shivering Sands Fort forts had a very short but intense life World... Britain faced serious attacks from the Deep [ 4-6 Feb 1968 ] Description Maunsell sea forts of Maunsell one...

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