A large tsunami was induced due to an M8.3 earthquake generated in a subduction zone off Samoa Islands in the South Pacific Ocean, at 6:48 on 29 September 2009 (local time).  New Zealand's Minister of Foreign Affairs Murray McCully visited Apia to co-ordinate New Zealand's emergency relief effort. Samoan Prime Minister Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, and his Deputy Prime Minister Misa Telefoni Retzlaff were in Auckland, New Zealand, at the time of the earthquake. Reference: Kong, L., P. Dunbar, and N. Arcos (2015). Concern centered on the Marquesas Islands, the northernmost archipelago in French Polynesia. Accessed September 30, 2009. According to the October 16 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to exceptional drought covers 20.5% of the United States. However, the events of September 29 involved a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on a normal fault within the outer rise; and the other magnitude 8.0 earthquake occurred on the subduction zone as a thrust event. , The Los Angeles Times, quoting a source at the National Park of American Samoa, reported that "four tsunami waves, 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6 m) high", and "reaching up to a mile (1.6 km) inland" hit American Samoa shortly after the earthquake. Reliant on remittances and tourism, the economy of Samoa shrunk by 5.2 percent in 2009, as things got tougher in sending countries, and the nation’s only major manufacturer—an automotive components plant—laid off more than 1,550 workers. , A beach village was reported to have been "wiped out", killing at least 14 people after the earthquake had sent residents fleeing for higher ground. Abstract—On September 29, 2009, an Mw = 8.1 earthquake at 17:48 UTC in Tonga Trench generated a tsunami that caused heavy damage across Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga islands. , Following the 1st anniversary of February 2011 earthquake memorial in Christchurch, a memorial dedicated to the tsunami victims was erected in the village of Leone American Samoa on 25 February 2012. Het was de grootste en zwaarste aardbeving van 2009. Since the 2009 tsunami, Samoa has taken many preparedness measures: Established a 24/7 National Earthquake and Tsunami Warning Center and built an Emergency Operations Center to support disasters, Upgraded its warning dissemination systems to include island-wide sirens and SMS to essential village and national representatives, churches, schools, NGOs, and the private sector. , The eastern part of the island remains without power or water supplies after the earthquake. In 2009, about 950 people lived on Niuatoputapu. , Samoa evacuated people from the entire city of Apia, the country's capital city on the island of Upolu and moving thousands of residents to higher ground. , A tsunami advisory was issued for coastal California and the San Francisco Bay Area beginning at 9:00 pm local time as a precaution.. Countries affected by the tsunami in the areas that were hit are American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga (Niuatoputapu) where more than 189 people were killed, especially children, most of them in Samoa. , The Prime Minister made his first address to the nation, after the tsunami, on 1 October. The United States said federal aid would be made available to combat the devastation. SYDNEY, Australia A powerful tsunami generated by an undersea earthquake on Tuesday has killed at least 89 people and wiped out several villages on … Luckily, many of the residents were able to evacuate to higher places during the first and second smaller waves.  Other media had earlier reported 10 people killed in Tonga. Local radio stations in Tonga broadcast warnings that a tsunami was possible and that people should move away from coastal villages. The New Zealand Red Cross appeal raised donations amounting to almost NZ$3.5 million. It was possible that a strongly decreased wave could reach Hawaii. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds.  Journalist Cherelle Jackson reported that the city quickly emptied in the aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami, "All the schools, workplaces everyone has walked up – it's like a ghost town. The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). [ NOAA ] On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. September 2009 um 17:48:10 Uhr UTC (6:48:10 Uhr Ortszeit). An RNZAF C-130 Hercules with medical staff and supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents and food was sent on the 30th.  Electricity was also out on the islands of Ofu-Olosega, in the Manu'a Islands Group, and a government plane has been sent to assess damage on Ofu. , Other aid came from concerned individuals and groups throughout the world, namely New Zealand, Australia, the United States and Canada. The US Army Corps of Engineers, Army Geospatial Center, prepared an emergency webpage for geological, hydrological and trafficability information for relief engineering and humanitarian aid.  Officials were determining whether the tsunami could reach Hawaii, the center said.  The cliffs above Lalomanu were scoured out to a height of 10–15 m (33–49 ft).. It resulted in many deaths and left tousands of people homeless.  Most of the warnings were called off once it was clear that the tsunami threat had passed. Story Highlights At least 111 dead in Samoan islands and Tonga after Pacific tsunami Officials fear death toll will rise as rescue workers reach outlying villages Magnitude-8.0 … These were distributed within the islands by RNZAF Bell UH-1H helicopters. It was the largest earthquake of 2009. 1 doctor, 2 nurses and one logistics expert, all members of our emergency medical staff will carry a total of 600 kg [sic] of medical material that will be dispatched locally by the FRANZ authorities. People took precautions in the low-lying atolls of Tokelau and moved to higher ground.  The hardest hit areas in Samoa appear to be Fagaloa Bay on the east coast of Upolu, Lalomanu on the south east coast, and along the rest of the southern coast of the island, with one hospital in Apia reporting it had received 79 bodies. The 2009 Samoa tsunami was caused by three earthquakes occurring within minutes of each other. , There were no reports of any damage to Vavaʻu island group or to the main island of Tongatapu, where the capital, Nukuʻalofa, is. Global historical tsunami data, including more information about the Samoa Islands 2009 earthquake and tsunami, are available via interactive maps and a variety of web services. In this region, the Pacific plate subducts westward beneath the Australia plate at the Tonga Trench. , The water system was also damaged in the earthquake, and the supply of fresh water to eastern parts of American Samoa has been disrupted due to broken water lines. The deadly 2009 tsunami was triggered by at least two separate earthquakes occurring within 2–3 minutes of each other near the Tonga Trench, one of the most seismically active areas in the world. Widespread damage was reported to the infrastructure at Pago Pago, American Samoa, in many parts of Samoa and on Niuatoputapu, Tonga. This page was last edited on 23 July 2020, at 20:59. Since the earthquakes occurred so close in time, scientists have not been able to distinguish which earthquake occurred first, or which caused a bigger tsunami. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial damage and loss of life in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. El terremoto de Samoa de 2009 fue un sismo de magnitud 8,3 en la escala Richter que afectó el archipiélago de Samoa a las 06:48:11 hora local del 29 de septiembre de 2009 (17:48:11 UTC). The tsunami was a wake-up call there. Though this tsunami was not a Pacific-wide hazard, it was very destructive near the earthquake and killed 192 people in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. The cargo and passenger ship Aranui 3, which had been docked in Taiohae Bay on Nuku Hiva in the Marquesas, the area most impacted by a small tsunami wave, immediately evacuated the bay for open water.  Officials in the Cook Islands, which hosted the 2009 Pacific Mini Games, noted that the tsunami passed without any damage to the country.  Earlier, a government plane sent to the island could not land due to tsunami damage at Niuatoputapu Airport, which had been forced to close. mceer.buffalo.edu Massive earthquake (8.0 magnitude) creates tsunami in Samoa; get the latest news from the BBC, New York Times, USGS, & other authorities.  Boats in the region immediately left port once the warning was issued.  The Satala electrical plant may be out of service for a month or more until repairs can be made, with the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) stating that power will be out indefinitely.  Five small tsunami waves, measuring 25–70 cm (10–28 in) were recorded off the coast of Papeete, Tahiti, between 11:10 am and 12 noon local time on Tuesday. References & Resources Foley, M. (2009, September 30). The devastation extended beyond human casualties with houses destroyed, cars swept out to sea and some villages being virtually annihilated.  Samoan officials confirmed the runway at Faleolo International Airport on Upolu was safe by early afternoon (30 September 2009). A further 7 RNZAF and 2 Royal Australian Air Force Hercules flights were made, and a RAAF C-17 Globemaster also provided airlift support to ferry relief supplies. The Sa'Moana Resort is in the village of Salamumu. A tsunami is a series of waves, not just a single wave.  Large numbers of American Samoans were said to have been left injured or homeless. Approximately 192 families were left homeless and the homes of 143 additional families were damaged in the tsunami in the villages of Hihifo, Falehau and Vaipoa. Scores are killed as tsunami hits Samoa Islands.  A new power plant at Satala is expected to be commissioned on 25 May 2017.  A new school building remained standing and provided some shelter. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. At least 77 people were reported dead in … , In the Marquesas Islands, some bays were nearly emptied of their water before a wave crashed back in and refilled the area. This tsunami was generated by an 8.1 magnitude earthquake near the Samoan Islands on September 29, 2009.  289 families lived in residences which escaped damage in the disaster. , A number of tourist resorts are located on Upolu's south coast. At least three major waves hit, with the highest 22 meters on the southern coast of Tafahi. , A Radio New Zealand International correspondent reported that the center of Pago Pago, the largest city in American Samoa, had sustained heavy damage in the tsunami, with its main street flooded, cars overturned, and shoreline businesses damaged. It was the largest earthquake of 2009. A tsunami watch was issued for islands farther from the epicenter, including Hawaii and Papua New Guinea, but not for California, USA. For more information on how you can prepare for a tsunami, visit the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program. In 2012, American Samoa received TsunamiReady recognition, from the NOAA National Weather Service.  Tonga's acting Prime Minister Lord Tuita said the government is sending a second plane to Niuatoputapu, but that communication links have been damaged. The New Zealand helicopter carrying ship HMNZS Canterbury was sent to Samoa (also offloading aid and personnel in Tonga). Das Hypozentrum des untermeerischen Bebens lag in 18 km Tiefe, etwa 190 Kilometer süd-südwestlich der Insel Upolu (Samoa) und rund 180 km südwestlich der Insel Tutuila … [dead link] Tulafono was monitoring events in American Samoa, but was having difficulties reaching the territory because of communications failures. The small South Pacific island of Niuatoputapu and its nearby volcanic cone Tafahi, along with a distant neighbor Niuafo‘ou, form a remote region known as the “Niuas,” located in the far north of the Tonga islands. , French High Commissioner Adolphe Colrat warned residents of the Marquesas to seek shelter at an elevation of at least 10 m (33 ft) above sea level. , U.S. President Barack Obama declared a major disaster for its dependent territory, American Samoa, allowing federal funds to be used for rescues, life support, and public health and safety measures. The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong).  The New Zealand government also pledged over NZ$12 million for relief efforts..  The USS Ingraham (FFG-61) was en route to American Samoa and was the first U.S. military asset to arrive and assist in the recovery efforts. On September 29, 2009, at 17:48 UTC (6:48 a.m. local time), a magnitude 8.1 earthquake struck midway between Samoa and American Samoa, a U.S. territory. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center recorded a 3-inch (76 mm) rise in sea levels near the epicenter, and New Zealand scientists determined that the waves measured 14 metres (46 ft) at their highest on the Samoan coast.  , The government appealed for clothing and bedding donations for residents in Niuatoputapu. Samoa Earthquake and Tsunami of September 29, 2009 Multiple reconnaissance teams traveled to Samoa in October and November 2009, and contributed to the preparation of this report. United States Geological Survey. A United Nations coordinator was scheduled to travel to Tonga to support early recovery initiatives in areas such as 'health, sanitation, water, infrastructure, psychological support, agriculture and fishing'. Residents across French Polynesia were advised to avoid valleys and bays, tie up watercraft and listen to Réseau France Outre-mer (RFO) for further instruction.  The main electricity generator in Satala had been damaged, which knocked out power from the central village of Faga'alu across Tutuila to the eastern village of Onenoa. , A Red Cross worker reported to Radio New Zealand that waves 10 feet (3 m) high had flattened beachside resorts on Upolu, and that residents told him the tourist zone of Lalomanu had been crushed by a wall of water about 20–30 ft (6.1–9.1 m) high. Australia sent teams of paramedics, doctors, nurses and search and rescue specialists with essential supplies like tents and medicine. 29 SEPTEMBER 2009 SAMOA TSUNAMI A. Annunziato1, G. Franchello1, E. Ulutas2, T. De Groeve1 1 – Joint Research Centre, European Commission 2 – University of Kocaeli, Turkey The mission of the JRC-IPSC is to provide  Residents of the Society Islands, which include the tourist resort areas of Tahiti and Moorea, were advised to move above 5 m (16 ft) above sea level, for safety. More than 120 persons were suffered to death. Samoa's prime minister, Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi, said damage on the nation's two main islands, which contain almost all the 180,000 population, was extensive. New Zealand Prime Minister John Key arrived in Samoa on 3 October and visited some of the most damaged areas on Upolu including the villages of Poutasi and Lalolamu.  Thanks to education and outreach efforts held over the summer and fall of 2009, many organizations and individuals knew the signs of an impending tsunami and had developed tsunami evacuation plans. US Navy 091001-F-3798Y-093 A boat is aground Thursday, Oct. 1, 2009 in Pago Pago, American Samoa after a tsunami struck the island Sept. 29, 2009 and carried it away from the harbor.jpg 1,000 × … , The Samoa government and the people of Samoa held a national funeral at Apia Park for tsunami victims on 8 October 2009 (Samoa local time). , On 2 October 2009, an estimated 3000 people were homeless and seeking refuge in shelters set up around the worst-affected villages. Prime Minister Malielegaoi lost two relatives in the tsunami, including the daughter of one of his nieces. Das Erdbeben bei den Samoainseln war ein schweres Erdbeben am 29. , French Polynesian President Oscar Temaru wrote to the heads of American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga offering support following the tsunami,[dead link] "On behalf of the people and the government of French Polynesia, I would like to convey our most sincere expression of condolence and solidarity in the wake of the Tsunami that just hit your people...We have, within the FRANZ framework decided to send both human and material help. A tsunami triggered by a strong quake in the South Pacific has killed more than 100 people in several islands. This is an extremely rare event, known as a “doublet.”. Le séisme de 2009 aux Samoa est un séisme intra-plaque qui s'est produit le 29 septembre 2009 à 17 h 48 min UTC (6 h 48 min heure locale), à environ 200 km au sud-ouest d'Apia, la capitale de l'archipel des Samoa, avec une magnitude de 8, suivi d'un tsunami qui a touché les îles Samoa et Tonga. The death toll on the island has risen to nine. In 2017, UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) recognized Samoa’s first UNESCO IOC Tsunami Ready community, a pilot project that recognizes tsunami mitigation, preparedness, and response activities. , The Colombian Navy training ship Gloria, also left Papeete Harbor in Tahiti once the warning was issued as a precaution.  The quake occurred on the outer rise of the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. The wave, which also hit American Samoa and northern Tonga, was generated by a massive 8.1 magnitude undersea earthquake which struck at 6.48am local time and was felt widely in Samoa. , High Commissioner Adolphe Colrat cancelled the tsunami red alert at 12:03 pm on Tuesday for all areas of French Polynesia except the Marquesas. September 29, 2009 Samoa Tsunami, Southwest Pacific Ocean The tsunami that was triggered by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on September 29, 2009, caused significant damage and loss of life on Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. Starting in 2007, Samoa ran National Tsunami Drills in Apia to prepare for tsunamis, raising public awareness that during a worst-case scenario, villages would have only 15 minutes before the tsunami arrived. De aardbeving bij de Samoa-eilanden op 29 september had een kracht van 8,0 Mw en vond plaats om 06:48:11 lokale tijd (17:48:11 UTC). Also, basic needs and basic commodities, including electrical generators, medical supplies, and pharmaceutical drugs were sent out, and multiple planes are being prepared for more cargo and personnel, including FEMA, HHS, and Coast Guard staff and experts from the Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and Red Cross. The island is isolated with a population of around 1,000 people.  A Tongan government spokesman Alfred Soakai said 90% of homes had been destroyed as well as serious damage to the hospital. 5 | ReliefWeb", "Up to six NZers feared dead in tsunami – National – NZ Herald News", "Tonga Airports Limited – Airport Info > Niuatoputapu – Mata'aho Airport", "Teams arrive on Tonga's Niuatoputapu at epicentre", "The death toll on a remote Tongan island has risen to nine", "Teams reach Tongan victims – Samoa tsunami – NZ Herald News", "Service held in Tonga for tsunami victims", "Seven confirmed dead from tsunami in Tonga", "Papeete measures 5 small waves during tsunami red alert", "French Polynesia will help islands hit by tsunami", "Surfer survived Samoa tsunami by riding out the waves", "PM John Key to view Samoan damage | Stuff.co.nz", "Tsunami toll could have been worse: Samoan PM – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)", "EC announces aid for Samoan tsunami victims – Foreign", "NZ Red Cross Aid Worker And Equipment to Samoa", "LDS Church continues Samoan relief efforts | Deseret News", "National Next of Kin Registry (NOKR) offers assistance", "ADRA NZ » Blog Archive » Samoa Disaster: ADRA Visits Villages, Meets Survivors", "Samoa appeal closes topping $3.5 millon", "Oxfam sets up rapid response emergency fund for Samoa", "Tsunami Claims Lives in Samoa, Warning Called Off for Most Countries in Region", "TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001 – PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS – ISSUED AT 1804Z SEP 29, 2009", "Quake, tsunami near American Samoa kills at least 22", "Highest tides expected near Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo as tsunami advisory prompts L.A. beach closures", "Earthquake List for Map of S Pacific Region", A family devastated by the tsunami – full interview, Tsunami stories of luck and sorrow at airport, Tsunami Animation: Samoan Islands, 29 September 2009, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2009_Samoa_earthquake_and_tsunami&oldid=969179663, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Aid funds are also being organised by the. , A tsunami warning was initially issued for American Samoa, Samoa, Niue, Wallis and Futuna, Tokelau, the Cook Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Kiribati, the Kermadec Islands, Fiji, Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Palmyra Island, Vanuatu, Nauru, Marshall Islands, and Solomon Islands. , The main impact in Tonga was in the northern part of the island kingdom where there were deaths, injuries and extensive damage on Niuatoputapu, a flat coral island 500 km north of the main island Tongatapu, and reportedly closest to the epicentre of the earthquake. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds. Power outages were reported, and phone lines were jammed. Most large earthquakes occur in subduction zones, where one plate of Earth’s crust dives beneath another plate.  Warnings also remained in Tuvalu, one of the lowest lying countries in the world..  He told reporters that because of the tight knit communities and strong family bonds, "I don't think anybody is going to be spared this disaster. "[dead link] Tulafono departed Hawaii for American Samoa on a United States Coast Guard supply flight from Honolulu on the evening of 29 September. Leone a small village on a bay was particularly hard-hit. According to the May 5 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 13.4% of the United States including Puerto Rico. In the main villages of Hihifo, Falehau, and Vaipoa, flow heights measured 4 to 7 meters. The Samoa tsunami of September 29, 2009, was the fifth tsunami studied by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) field teams in 15 years, and yet it presented many surprises. There were no reports of high waves from Vanuatu, Kiribati, New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands. American Samoa Governor Togiola Tulafono was in Honolulu, Hawaii for an ocean policy conference at the time of the tsunami struck. A total of 192 humans died. In Lepa, only the church and the village's welcome sign remained standing following the tsunami. On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. ", Twenty villages on Upolu south side were reportedly destroyed, including Lepa, the home of Samoa's Prime Minister Tuilaepa Lupesoliai Sailele Malielegaoi. The American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga Islands had suffered serious tsunami damages and more. According to the June 20 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 7.0% of the contiguous U.S.  Residents were warned to conserve and boil water until safe drinking water supplies can be restored, which could take some time. The Government of Samoa estimates the damage at US$147.25 million. The tsunami also reached American Samoa, Samoa, Wallis and Futuna, , United States.  The village of Poutasi on the south west coast of Upolu was reported with extensive damage in a TVNZ news item, along with its neighbouring Villages of Satalo and Salani being completely wiped out. " FRANZ stands for France, Australia and New Zealand, three large countries who traditionally provide aid in Oceania following natural disasters. , New Zealand dispatched RNZAF P-3 Orions to assess the damage and search for bodies. Prior to the tsunami in 2009, Samoa also hosted two international meetings that brought attention to the local hazardous conditions that is common to many Southwest Pacific island nations. The tsunami generated by the earthquake of September 29, 2009 was destructive along the coasts of Samoa, American Samoa and Tonga. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami killed … NCEI is the global data and information service for tsunamis. The government had initially feared a wave of approximately 90 cm (35 in), with the ability to strike all parts of the sprawling territory. , The Guardian reported 189 deaths; 149 in Samoa, 31 American Samoa, 9 Tonga (2 October 2009). Lack of infrastructure.  The water division of the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) announced that it will bring water in tanker trucks to affected villages. On the 29th of September in 2009 and 8.0 Earthquake in Samoa caused a Tsunami with waves as high as 15ft. There were more than 40 total aftershocks with a magnitude greater than 5.0 in the 48 hours after the mainshock. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds. Large waves with no major damage were reported on the coasts of Fiji, the northern coast of New Zealand and Rarotonga in the Cook Islands. 09/29/2009 Earthquake in Samoa (Samoa Islands) with a magnitude of 8.1.  The water flowed inland about 100 yd (100 m) before receding, leaving some cars stuck in the mud. According to the December 26 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 26.4% of the contiguous U.S.  Among the initial U.S. government response is a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) logistics team and staff from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Coast Guard, Federal Aviation Administration, and Department of Defense. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone.The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a … , Other reports outlined coastal damage from a 13-foot (4.0 m) wave on the islands. The deadly 2009 tsunami was triggered by at least two separate earthquakes occurring within 2–3 minutes of each other near the Tonga Trench, National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program, Historical Tsunami Effects near the Tonga Trench Poster, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for May 5, 2020, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for June 20, 2017, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for October 16, 2018, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for December 26, 2017. Prior to the 2009 tsunami, American Samoa had one community hospital, one pharmacy, few physicians and clinicians, limited commercial air service, and limited support infrastructure; however, the islands  The alert for the Marquesas Islands was extended 2:50 pm until the threat had passed. Magnitude 8.0  Damage to the National Park's natural reserves and the destruction of its visitor center and main offices have been reported, while only 20% of the park's 40 to 50 employees and volunteers had been found. "So much has gone. An effective tsunami warning system relies on the free and open exchange and long-term management of global data and science products to mitigate, model, and forecast tsunamis. Created community-driven evacuation maps and signage. 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami Tonga Trench south of the Samoa Islands and north of New Zealand. The monument is called the Healing Garden. Doordat de aardbeving plaatsvond op 33 km diepte, ontstond er een tsunami. On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. The first earthquake measured 8.1 on the Richter Scale, the second two earthquakes measured 7.8 on the Richter Scale.  There are three main villages on Niuatoputapu: Hihifo and Falehau, which were hit by three waves, some 6m high, and the village of Vaipoa, which received less damage. Tutuila island, which is located 250 (2009, September 29).  Shocks with magnitude 6.0 or higher are highlighted in light blue. A television sits at the water's edge at the tsunami destroyed village of Saleapaga on Samoa's southern coast October 2, 2009. The Samoa tsunami demonstrates a problem for early warning systems - massive waves crashed ashore before researchers could analyze the earthquake and sound the alarm. ] in the 48 hours after the earthquake staff and supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents medicine! 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