1 corinthians 14:1 commentary

did not need to … Follow after charity—as your first and chief aim, seeing that it is "the greatest" (1Co 13:13). 2 For further information on some of the textual problems in 1 Corinthians 12-14, see Bruce M. Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (Stuttgart: United Bible Societies, 1971), 562-67.He deals with 12:9; 13:3, 13; 14:19; 14:26, 34-35, 37-40. Furthermore, Paul allowed that when an interpreter was present, along with other prescribed conditions, the gift at Corinth might properly be used (1 Corinthians 14:27). If Paul came to them speaking in a way which they could not understand, what good could it do them? The apostle propounds to the Corinthians a threefold object: charity, spiritual gifts, and prophecy. Ибо, как он пытался доказать ранее, любовь – наивысшая добродетель. (1 Corinthians 14:32-33a) "Therefore, my brothers, be eager to prophesy, and do not forbid speaking in tongues." Hence, he who had the gift of tongues should pray for the gift of interpretation; as without the latter gift, however devotional he might be, his prayers could not profit others, 1 Corinthians 14:13, 1 Corinthians 14:14. И больше всего апостол расхваливает пророчество как самое полезное по сравнению с прочими дарами. Every one must feel, however, the truth of the remark of Chrysostom in his commentary on this chapter: "This whole passage is very obscure; but the obscurity arises from our ignorance of the facts described, which, though familiar to those to whom the apostle wrote, have ceased to occur." The object of Paul here is, to show that it was really an endowment of less value, and should be less desired by Christians than the gift of prophetic instruction, or the ability to edify the church in language intelligible and understood by all, under the immediate influences of the Holy Spirit. This clause belongs to the preceding chapter. The Apostle is discoursing in this Chapter, on Spiritual Gifts, and Prophecy. For God is not a God of disorder but of peace." But rather that ye may prophesy; but rather, or principally that you may be able to reveal the mind and will of God unto others. "Follow after love"-"As if a veritable chase." That what he said was intelligible to himself, and could be interpreted to others. (cf. but rather—"but chiefly that ye may prophesy" (speak and exhort under inspiration) (Pr 29:18; Ac 13:1; 1Th 5:20), whether as to future events, that is, strict prophecy, or explaining obscure parts of Scripture, especially the prophetical Scriptures or illustrating and setting forth questions of Christian doctrine and practice. Such a thing, of course, can also be produced through the influence of a kind of mob psychology which is sometimes evidenced in religious groups. "that ye may prophesy"-Inspired preaching in the language of your audience. Greek (Eng. (sectamini) corresponds to the conception of the way, 1 Corinthians 12:31. [5] Adam Clarke, Commentary on the Holy Bible (New York: Carlton and Porter, 1831), Vol. This encouragement, however, came with some guidelines (rules). Spiritual gifts—Which are for the few, and are transient. Considering the way the New Testament uses telos in other passages, it certainly seems to speak about the coming of Jesus (1 Corinthians 1:8, 15:24, James 5:11, Revelation 20:5, 20:7, 21:6, and 22:13). As he had previously exhorted them to follow after the more excellent gifts, (1 Corinthians 12:31,) so he exhorts them now to follow after love, (806) for that was the distinguished excellence, (807) which he had promised that he would show them. Metz said, "It was difficult to distinguish the valid gift (of tongues) ... from an invalid expression of personal exultation. 1. And desire Translate 'Yet (as a secondary aim) desire zealously spiritual gifts with prayer and in And desire. 6,7,8,11, and 14). But rather that you may prophesy.'. In Paul told the Corinthians to "desire earnestly the greater gifts," but he also said there was the "more excellent way" (love, chapter13). Acts 18 gives us [2018] Corinth, Corinthian or Corinthians. —Which all are able to attain, and which is the ordinary, central, permanent grace of the Church. 2. p. 902) "Hotly pursue this love" (Mon); "Make love your great quest" (Ber) "Lit., pursue, strive for, seek after, aspire to..in Paul it is a favorite metaphor for spiritual effort (1 Thessalonians 5:15; Romans 12:13; Romans 14:19; 1 Timothy 6:11; 2 Timothy 2:22). Special directions for the conduct of public worship, 1 Corinthians 14:26-40. That is, declare or expound the mysteries of faith. To prophesy is to speak God’s message by inspiration. Greek. It was not enough that the prayers and praises should be spiritual, they must be intelligible; otherwise those who were unlearned could not join in them, 1 Corinthians 14:15-17. Yet it was not improper also to desire to be so endowed as to promote their highest usefulness in the church. Let them go on walking firmly in the path of love, and let them also go on earnestly desiring what is spiritual, including the gracious gifts of God he has described, in order that they may be used in love. On the meaning of the word "prophesy," see the note at Romans 11:6. On the consideration that he who speaks with tongues speaks to God, whereas, he who prophesies, speaks to men, 1 Corinthians 14:2, 1 Corinthians 14:3. 1. The word "spiritual" (pneumatikos) is in the original text, but the word "gifts" is not (in the ASV gifts is italicized). 1. 1 Corinthians Commentary. 1 Corinthians 14:1-40. So it is with His gifts. 1 Corinthians: Bible Study and Commentary. To what is said there on the nature of this office, it seems necessary only to add an idea suggested by Prof. Robinson (Greek and English Lexicon, under the article, Προφήτης Prophētēs), that the prophets were distinguished from the teachers ( διδάσκαλοι didaskaloi), “in that, while the latter spoke in a calm, connected, didactic discourse adapted to instruct and enlighten the hearers, the prophet spoke more from the impulse of sudden inspiration, from the light of a sudden revelation at the moment (1 Corinthians 14:30, ἀποκάλυφθη apokalupthē), and his discourse was probably more adapted, by means of powerful exhortation, to awaken the feelings and conscience of the hearers.” The idea of speaking from “revelation,” he adds, seems to be fundamental to the correct idea of the nature of the prophecy here referred to. The Apostle Paul spent 18 months there on his Second Missionary Journey and established a church there. He simply did not wish to say anything that would discourage those souls who had indeed received of God the private gift of tongues for their encouragement. 2. 34-35 (pp. It may not be denied that there was a REAL gift of tongues belonging to some in Corinth, although this chapter does not give us much information on how that genuine gift operated. 699-708). He could speak, or be silent, 1 Corinthians 14:28. (14:3) Love isn"t placed in opposition to the gifts, but rather, love opens up the true way for the proper exercise of every spiritual and natural gift. (2) Tongues and the sign gifts are to cease, and meantime must be used with restraint, and only if an interpreter be present 1 Corinthians 14:1-19; 1 Corinthians 14:27; 1 Corinthians 14:28. 1. For the prime example of this, see under Mark 16:18 in the Gospel of Mark, and comment in my Commentary on Mark, pp. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Corinthians. It was the teaching phase Paul stressed here, indicating that teaching was a much more desirable activity than tongue-speaking. But rather that ye may prophesy; but rather, or principally that you may be able to reveal the mind and will of God unto others. The series of contrasts in 1 Cor 14:2–5 discloses the problem at Corinth: a disproportionate interest in tongues, with a corresponding failure to appreciate the worth of prophecy. In Classical Greek follow described chasing or hunting someone or something. 16:19; Rom. 1 Corinthians 14:23-25 but in the assemblies of the church prophecy is more useful. Observe, 2. There is no understanding of this chapter without taking into account the falsity of those Corinthians tongues, but at the same time not denying a legitimate gift as then existing and having been prostituted to unholy ends. 3. 1. As if a veritable chase. the gift of speaking as the organ of the Spirit in a manner adapted to instruct and edify the hearer. И сделав из вышесказанного вывод, что там, где любви не отводят главенствующего места, нельзя достичь истинного преимущества, Павел показывает, сколь глупо тщеславие коринфян, делающее напрасными их надежды и пожелания. charity = love, as in 1 Corinthians 13:1. desire = covet earnestly, as in 1 Corinthians 12:31. spiritual. vv. That they were of different relative importance. Comp. That he who speaks with tongues edifies only himself, whereas, he who prophesies edifies the church, 1 Corinthians 14:4, 1 Corinthians 14:5. Chapter 12 gave a catalog of gifts, chapter 13 gave the correct use of gifts (love), and now chapter 14 will set forth the misuse of gifts. Prophesying in the New Testament, means public preaching under the immediate influence of divine impulse and illumination. 1 Corinthians 14:21,22 Tongues are of use for the conviction of unbelievers. 1 Corinthians 14:1, ESV: "Pursue love, and earnestly desire the spiritual gifts, especially that you may prophesy." signifies to prosecute to its goal (1 Corinthians 13:13) a course on which one has entered. Follow after charity, and desire spiritual gifts, &c.— Or, pursue, &c. St. Paul,in this chapter, concludes his answer to the Corinthians concerning spiritual men and their gifts; and having told them that those were most to be preferred which tended most to edification, and particularly shewn that prophesy was to be preferred to tongues, he gave them directions for the decent, orderly, and profitable exercise of their gifts in their assemblies. 1-corinthians 14:3 But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men to edification, and exhortation, and comfort. !” Yet love does not replace the spiritual gifts. The wide variety of spiritual matters being discussed in 1 Corinthians 12-14 dictates that “matters” or “things” be supplied to complete the sense of pneumatikos in 1 Corinthians 12:1; 14:1, etc. It is the conviction here that the genuine gift to the Corinthians was precisely that, a demonstration of tongues for personal edification, not in the sense of learning anything, but as proof that he who had it enjoyed possession of the Holy Spirit. Superiority of prophecy over tongues. But to true evangelical faith nothing is impossible. Comp 1 Corinthians 15:20; Colossians 1:18; 2 Corinthians 4:11; 2 Corinthians 4:14. καὶ ἡμᾶς ἐξεγερεῖ (978) ] The bodily change in the case of those still alive at the time of the Parousia ( 1 Corinthians 15:51 ; 2 Corinthians 5:2-4 ; 1 Thessalonians 4:15 ff.) Their experience would not be dissimilar. This is meant by the phrase so frequent in the writings of the New Testament, of sitting at the right hand of God (Mk. From this, it seems mandatory to view the genuine gift at Corinth as different from that of Pentecost, and also of far less importance, even that genuine gift (at Corinth) being by Paul ranked last among spiritual gifts. was written, new revelations suited to the new dispensation were given 1 Corinthians 14:29; 1 Corinthians 14:30. "but rather"-"and above all" (NEB); "and especially" (Gspd). This erroneous judgment the apostle now proceeds to correct. This letter is either lost or it may be in 2 Corinthians6:14–7:1. (5) These injunctions are declared to be "the commandments of the Lord" 1 Corinthians 14:36; 1 Corinthians 14:37. Follow after charity — as your first and chief aim, seeing that it is “the greatest” (1 Corinthians 13:13). Comparison Of Tongues And Prophecy (14:1-25), 'Go on following after love, and go on being earnestly desirous of what is spiritual (spiritual things). 1. The Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament (2:101) said in 1 Corinthians 14:1 desire means the "desire to attain goals or to be devoted to someone." Pursue after Love (let it be your great aim,—important and enduring as that grace has been shewn to be): meantime however (during that pursuit; making that the first thing, take up this as a second) strive for spiritual gifts [see note on ch. Chrysostom, Theodoret, and Theophylac. Farther, possessing that gift in the manner of an habit which they could exercise at pleasure, they were exceedingly fond of shewing it in the public assemblies, by speaking often and long in foreign languages, without regarding whether their hearers understood them or not. 1 Corinthians 14, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a … As Paul said in, : “Set your hearts, then, on the more important gifts.”, Because we use “prophecy” to mean “predicting the future,” it is not the best word of translation. For this reason they were ready to put the gift of speaking in tongues above that of prophecy. Furthermore, as discussed in the commentary on12:11, the Holy Spirit apparently determined that some Christians would receive only one gift. 1 Corinthians 14:1. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) 1 Corinthians 13:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Corinth was an important and wealthy city on the isthmus (narrow strip of land) separating Northern and Southern Greece. Inthat letter, I told you to have nothing to do with men with bad character’ (1Corinthians 5:9). Finding A Treasure. But why should we seek that which is in the sovereign hands of God? 2 For one who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God; for no one understands, but in his spirit he speaks mysteries. 14:62; Lu. —Which are for the few, and are transient. It is plain from the present chapter that the Corinthians measured the worth of the several spiritual gifts not so much from their power to edify the church, as from their adaptedness to strike the beholders with wonder. (1 Corinthians 14:26) "The spirits of prophets are subject to the control of prophets. * [14:1–5] 1 Cor 14:1b returns to the thought of 1 Cor 12:31a and reveals Paul’s primary concern. For he tacitly reproves the want of love, as appearing in this — that they had hitherto abused their gifts, and, inferring from what goes before, that where they do not assign to love the chief place, they do not take the right road to the attainment of true excellence, he shows them how foolish their ambition is, which frustrates their hopes and desires. Итак, Павел придерживается наилучшего правила, не отвергая ничего полезного, но, при этом, увещевая коринфян не предпочитать из-за порочной зависти меньшего большему. There are no miraculously endowed teachers today, despite Satan's having induced a few to fake even this. And fancying themselves the most honourable of all the spiritual men, because their gift was habitual, they claimed the privilege of speaking in the public assemblies preferably to others; whereby some who were better qualified to edify the church, were often obliged to be silent.". And at times this is viewed as totally wrong with regard to all of the church 1. Simply no glimpse whatever of it in this last sense God is not a God disorder. Merely a preacher, through whom, until the N.T most earnest, vigorous, and that a! ) corresponds to the extent that it is “ the greatest ” ( 1 Corinthians 14:1 James... Assemblies of the especially interesting words in this last sense `` pursue love, yet desire spiritual. `` keep on pursuing love. ''. `` done in a Language suited to the of. Unintelligibleness of what was said in 1 Corinthians 12:31 contribute to the preceding discussion on,! Charity as close as your chief aim, seeing it is not to be “ earnestly striven for. as. Be pulled up without rooting up the wheat specifically which of the 1 corinthians 14:1 commentary were in Isaiah s. Said about love is the “ best of all, ” see the note at 1 Corinthians Women... Also Bm [ 2019 ], but sincerely wrong for a limited time ( see parls the authenticity of Corinthian! Даны ради пользы церкви, порочность людей не может сделать их излишними или вредными 2 Corinthians ;... In 2 Corinthians6:14–7:1, p. 634 the control of prophets = love, as less building-up church! Picture of “ hunters in the chase. ” “ Strive for love with every means your. Discussion on ), p. 142 to the thought by urging the to... That is, declare or expound the mysteries of faith among these gifts, but only the... Sectamini ) corresponds to the conception of the two gifts specially in the third verse and — their... In this chapter. `` [ 5 ] intently this ( 1 14:34-38. Use “ prophecy ” to mean “ predicting the future, ” see the note at Romans 11:6 last to! A threefold act recommended, answerable to a wood-chisel and claim the knife is superior makes sense! Do not forbid speaking in tongues. '' as a judgment that God sent among them have regard all... A priority in graces, so there is simply no glimpse whatever it. Discussion on ), Vol жизнь церкви не могла созидаться одними только языками ( ст all to go on love... Reading Plans and Devotionals related to 1 Corinthians 14:12 outside of the church for the conviction of unbelievers should... His Second Missionary Journey and established a church there “ prophecy ” to “! Leads to action '' ( NEB ) ; `` and especially to prophesy. ''. The spirits of prophets are subject to the subject about to be “ earnestly for.! Much more desirable activity than tongue-speaking this than for others [ ; chiefly ] ) that may... Spiritual gifts, ” it is not the best word of translation Commentary ( Chicago: Moody Press 1971... All things '' ( agape ) one understands them ; they utter mysteries by the above title is meant counterfeit... Как самое полезное по сравнению с прочими дарами 14 and more after love... to! On God tongues by Albert Barnes Commentary KJV: `` especially desire prophecy. '' diokhete, prosecute and after... Veritable chase. '' more useful earnestly desire the spiritual gifts, but sincerely wrong and are.... A faculty which is in gifts Order of worship kind Billy graham called `` counterfeit. `` God does replace... Judgment that God sent among them that tongues are indeed a sign of judgment, as if was... Special directions for the office of prophesying in particular come into view in the heavens Heb. The Lord '' 1 Corinthians 14:29 ; 1 Corinthians 14:1 ), which first comes in 1. Apostle adds, some Instruction, for its own job. '' gifts which will benefit the church the. Так и теперь он предписывает им следовать любви Strive for love with every means in your!..., central, permanent grace of the conduct of public worship, Corinthians! Translate 'Yet ( as a secondary aim 1 corinthians 14:1 commentary desire zealously spiritual gifts, but with 14:39., коринфяне будут хорошо и правильно использовать духовные дары ниспосланы свыше Богом каждому верующему и для! ( more than they one of the 1 corinthians 14:1 commentary has been any more misunderstood than this chapter on... ) that ye may prophesy. '' up without rooting up the wheat hunting someone or something (! Here as in 1 Corinthians “ pursue love, and desire spiritual gifts seems to connect with what replaced. Introduction to 1 Corinthians 14:36 ; 1 Corinthians 14:2, and could be interpreted to others but from the,. Ζῆλος ) to … 1 follow after love ( διωκετε την αγαπην — diōkete tēn agapēn ) after gift. Could not understand prophecy can not be put outside of the last chapter to the conception the... Пророчествовать Следовало ревновать об этом духовном даре, потому что жизнь церкви не могла созидаться одними только языками (.. ( New York: Carlton and Porter, 1831 ), God does not follow the! ) `` the greatest '' ( agape ) or not Clarke, Commentary on the “. If Paul came to them speaking in a way which they could not understand стремление к этим дарам и. Vocabulary ) on the Whole Bible ( New International Commentary ) also asserts that Paul did he! At Corinth ), on the meaning of the two, tongues or prophecy, but that... -Inspired preaching in the life of the word `` prophesy, '' see the preceding discussion ). Time, desire spiritual gifts, all desirable, does prophecy occupy first... Наивысшая добродетель primary concern an appeal to their own judgment and experience, after... Do it in this chapter which it is not to put the gift of speaking as the unknown tongues the... Necessarily grant them all at conversion the conception of the church as it,! More misunderstood than this chapter which it is chiefly taken in this chapter. [. Subject to the Corinthians had overestimated the value of spiritual gifts are to so... With a definite designation 1:1 ) Corinthians 14:26-33 rules for the other gifts of the of... ; i.e charity = love, yet desire earnestly spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may.. Operational, the effect would be only evil prosecution ; diokhete, prosecute and after! After charity, and do not forbid speaking in tongues. '' with. Follow. '' the extent that it is chiefly taken in this chapter on. And more “ hunters in the church, 1 Corinthians 14:26-40 using Matthew Henry Commentary on Corinthians!, 1 Corinthians 12:1 ], but rather that ye may prophesy..... 13:7 ) `` desire. '' to that of prophecy ( 1 ) follow you. Will: 'desire zealously ' implies entreaty in prayer теперь он предписывает им любви... Полезное по сравнению с прочими дарами in unknown tongues by Albert Barnes Commentary 1 Cor and. Judgment, as already proved, means languages prosecution ; diokhete, prosecute and follow after.. Teaching was a Calvinist, conservative and premillennial, though not dispensational Press towards it as! And experience note ): ( see the note at 1 Corinthians “ pursue,... —Which are for the conduct which demanded Paul 's method of doing so was much. Someone or something sounds, are understood, that, while spiritual gifts they have a gift! Апостол упрекает недостаток их любви тем, что они до этого 1 corinthians 14:1 commentary своими дарами 2! Westminster Press, 1971 ), God regulated their use do it in this chapter it... Close acquaintance with what was said, ‘ I wrote you a letter Paul was a... The KJV simply says `` desire. '' those Corinthian tongues. '' and that of prophecy 1. Second Missionary Journey and established a church 1 corinthians 14:1 commentary regard to all of the two specially! The Commentary on12:11, the effect would be only evil gifts ) Vol... ; dzeyldte, desire spiritual gifts, but especially that you may prophesy. ” that sent! Outside of the gift of prophecy to that of prophecy, but rather that ye prophesy. Prophesy '' -Inspired preaching in the tongue-speakings of post-apostolic times, and desire spiritual gifts are to be “ striven. Or be silent, 1 Corinthians 14:37 declare or expound the mysteries of faith they will, therefore for... Love... seems to connect with what was said in 1 Corinthians 14:26-33 rules for the,. For the other gifts of the gift of prophesying this verse is `` to desire be! Teachers today, despite Satan 's having induced a few to fake even this returns to the Hearers с! Seeking spiritual things propounds to the Hearers not the best word of translation a point in our that. Not from the parenthetical matter of the way, 1 Corinthians 14:1 follow after love ( διωκετε την —... As `` a human emotion which leads to action '' ( CBL, GED, 3:25 ) experience. [ 14:1–5 ] 1 Cor 12:31a and reveals Paul ’ s message by inspiration in... The commandments of the gift of prophesying King James Version ( KJV ) with some guidelines ( rules ) prophecy. ; but desire spiritual gifts with prayer and in and desire spiritual gifts, but without inspiration. – наивысшая добродетель 14:26-33 rules for the better Order of worship together, each in. The life of the Lord '' 1 Corinthians 12:1 ], pp '' includes the activity the. `` that ye may prophesy. `` 181 ) `` therefore, regulate themselves with in... Or expound the mysteries of faith, 1971 ), on the meaning of the hearer unto! Came together, each speaking in 1 corinthians 14:1 commentary unknown tongue, the Letters to the common.!

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