did not need to … Follow after charity—as your first and chief aim, seeing that it is "the greatest" (1Co 13:13). 2 For further information on some of the textual problems in 1 Corinthians 12-14, see Bruce M. Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (Stuttgart: United Bible Societies, 1971), 562-67.He deals with 12:9; 13:3, 13; 14:19; 14:26, 34-35, 37-40. Furthermore, Paul allowed that when an interpreter was present, along with other prescribed conditions, the gift at Corinth might properly be used (1 Corinthians 14:27). If Paul came to them speaking in a way which they could not understand, what good could it do them? The apostle propounds to the Corinthians a threefold object: charity, spiritual gifts, and prophecy. Ибо, как он пытался доказать ранее, любовь – наивысшая добродетель. (1 Corinthians 14:32-33a) "Therefore, my brothers, be eager to prophesy, and do not forbid speaking in tongues." Hence, he who had the gift of tongues should pray for the gift of interpretation; as without the latter gift, however devotional he might be, his prayers could not profit others, 1 Corinthians 14:13, 1 Corinthians 14:14. И больше всего апостол расхваливает пророчество как самое полезное по сравнению с прочими дарами. Every one must feel, however, the truth of the remark of Chrysostom in his commentary on this chapter: "This whole passage is very obscure; but the obscurity arises from our ignorance of the facts described, which, though familiar to those to whom the apostle wrote, have ceased to occur." The object of Paul here is, to show that it was really an endowment of less value, and should be less desired by Christians than the gift of prophetic instruction, or the ability to edify the church in language intelligible and understood by all, under the immediate influences of the Holy Spirit. This clause belongs to the preceding chapter. The Apostle is discoursing in this Chapter, on Spiritual Gifts, and Prophecy. For God is not a God of disorder but of peace." But rather that ye may prophesy; but rather, or principally that you may be able to reveal the mind and will of God unto others. "Follow after love"-"As if a veritable chase." That what he said was intelligible to himself, and could be interpreted to others. (cf. but rather—"but chiefly that ye may prophesy" (speak and exhort under inspiration) (Pr 29:18; Ac 13:1; 1Th 5:20), whether as to future events, that is, strict prophecy, or explaining obscure parts of Scripture, especially the prophetical Scriptures or illustrating and setting forth questions of Christian doctrine and practice. Such a thing, of course, can also be produced through the influence of a kind of mob psychology which is sometimes evidenced in religious groups. "that ye may prophesy"-Inspired preaching in the language of your audience. Greek (Eng. (sectamini) corresponds to the conception of the way, 1 Corinthians 12:31.  Adam Clarke, Commentary on the Holy Bible (New York: Carlton and Porter, 1831), Vol. This encouragement, however, came with some guidelines (rules). Spiritual gifts—Which are for the few, and are transient. Considering the way the New Testament uses telos in other passages, it certainly seems to speak about the coming of Jesus (1 Corinthians 1:8, 15:24, James 5:11, Revelation 20:5, 20:7, 21:6, and 22:13). As he had previously exhorted them to follow after the more excellent gifts, (1 Corinthians 12:31,) so he exhorts them now to follow after love, (806) for that was the distinguished excellence, (807) which he had promised that he would show them. Metz said, "It was difficult to distinguish the valid gift (of tongues) ... from an invalid expression of personal exultation. 1. And desire Translate 'Yet (as a secondary aim) desire zealously spiritual gifts with prayer and in And desire. 6,7,8,11, and 14). But rather that you may prophesy.'. In Paul told the Corinthians to "desire earnestly the greater gifts," but he also said there was the "more excellent way" (love, chapter13). Acts 18 gives us  Corinth, Corinthian or Corinthians. —Which all are able to attain, and which is the ordinary, central, permanent grace of the Church. 2. p. 902) "Hotly pursue this love" (Mon); "Make love your great quest" (Ber) "Lit., pursue, strive for, seek after, aspire to..in Paul it is a favorite metaphor for spiritual effort (1 Thessalonians 5:15; Romans 12:13; Romans 14:19; 1 Timothy 6:11; 2 Timothy 2:22). Special directions for the conduct of public worship, 1 Corinthians 14:26-40. That is, declare or expound the mysteries of faith. To prophesy is to speak God’s message by inspiration. Greek. It was not enough that the prayers and praises should be spiritual, they must be intelligible; otherwise those who were unlearned could not join in them, 1 Corinthians 14:15-17. Yet it was not improper also to desire to be so endowed as to promote their highest usefulness in the church. Let them go on walking firmly in the path of love, and let them also go on earnestly desiring what is spiritual, including the gracious gifts of God he has described, in order that they may be used in love. On the meaning of the word "prophesy," see the note at Romans 11:6. On the consideration that he who speaks with tongues speaks to God, whereas, he who prophesies, speaks to men, 1 Corinthians 14:2, 1 Corinthians 14:3. 1. The word "spiritual" (pneumatikos) is in the original text, but the word "gifts" is not (in the ASV gifts is italicized). 1. 1 Corinthians Commentary. 1 Corinthians 14:1-40. So it is with His gifts. 1 Corinthians: Bible Study and Commentary. To what is said there on the nature of this office, it seems necessary only to add an idea suggested by Prof. Robinson (Greek and English Lexicon, under the article, Προφήτης Prophētēs), that the prophets were distinguished from the teachers ( διδάσκαλοι didaskaloi), “in that, while the latter spoke in a calm, connected, didactic discourse adapted to instruct and enlighten the hearers, the prophet spoke more from the impulse of sudden inspiration, from the light of a sudden revelation at the moment (1 Corinthians 14:30, ἀποκάλυφθη apokalupthē), and his discourse was probably more adapted, by means of powerful exhortation, to awaken the feelings and conscience of the hearers.” The idea of speaking from “revelation,” he adds, seems to be fundamental to the correct idea of the nature of the prophecy here referred to. The Apostle Paul spent 18 months there on his Second Missionary Journey and established a church there. He simply did not wish to say anything that would discourage those souls who had indeed received of God the private gift of tongues for their encouragement. 2. 34-35 (pp. It may not be denied that there was a REAL gift of tongues belonging to some in Corinth, although this chapter does not give us much information on how that genuine gift operated. 699-708). He could speak, or be silent, 1 Corinthians 14:28. (14:3) Love isn"t placed in opposition to the gifts, but rather, love opens up the true way for the proper exercise of every spiritual and natural gift. (2) Tongues and the sign gifts are to cease, and meantime must be used with restraint, and only if an interpreter be present 1 Corinthians 14:1-19; 1 Corinthians 14:27; 1 Corinthians 14:28. 1. For the prime example of this, see under Mark 16:18 in the Gospel of Mark, and comment in my Commentary on Mark, pp. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Corinthians. It was the teaching phase Paul stressed here, indicating that teaching was a much more desirable activity than tongue-speaking. But rather that ye may prophesy; but rather, or principally that you may be able to reveal the mind and will of God unto others. The series of contrasts in 1 Cor 14:2–5 discloses the problem at Corinth: a disproportionate interest in tongues, with a corresponding failure to appreciate the worth of prophecy. In Classical Greek follow described chasing or hunting someone or something. 16:19; Rom. 1 Corinthians 14:23-25 but in the assemblies of the church prophecy is more useful. Observe, 2. There is no understanding of this chapter without taking into account the falsity of those Corinthians tongues, but at the same time not denying a legitimate gift as then existing and having been prostituted to unholy ends. 3. 1. As if a veritable chase. the gift of speaking as the organ of the Spirit in a manner adapted to instruct and edify the hearer. И сделав из вышесказанного вывод, что там, где любви не отводят главенствующего места, нельзя достичь истинного преимущества, Павел показывает, сколь глупо тщеславие коринфян, делающее напрасными их надежды и пожелания. charity = love, as in 1 Corinthians 13:1. desire = covet earnestly, as in 1 Corinthians 12:31. spiritual. vv. That they were of different relative importance. Comp. That he who speaks with tongues edifies only himself, whereas, he who prophesies edifies the church, 1 Corinthians 14:4, 1 Corinthians 14:5. Chapter 12 gave a catalog of gifts, chapter 13 gave the correct use of gifts (love), and now chapter 14 will set forth the misuse of gifts. Prophesying in the New Testament, means public preaching under the immediate influence of divine impulse and illumination. 1 Corinthians 14:21,22 Tongues are of use for the conviction of unbelievers. 1 Corinthians 14:1, ESV: "Pursue love, and earnestly desire the spiritual gifts, especially that you may prophesy." signifies to prosecute to its goal (1 Corinthians 13:13) a course on which one has entered. Follow after charity, and desire spiritual gifts, &c.— Or, pursue, &c. St. Paul,in this chapter, concludes his answer to the Corinthians concerning spiritual men and their gifts; and having told them that those were most to be preferred which tended most to edification, and particularly shewn that prophesy was to be preferred to tongues, he gave them directions for the decent, orderly, and profitable exercise of their gifts in their assemblies. 1-corinthians 14:3 But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men to edification, and exhortation, and comfort. !” Yet love does not replace the spiritual gifts. The wide variety of spiritual matters being discussed in 1 Corinthians 12-14 dictates that “matters” or “things” be supplied to complete the sense of pneumatikos in 1 Corinthians 12:1; 14:1, etc. It is the conviction here that the genuine gift to the Corinthians was precisely that, a demonstration of tongues for personal edification, not in the sense of learning anything, but as proof that he who had it enjoyed possession of the Holy Spirit. Superiority of prophecy over tongues. But to true evangelical faith nothing is impossible. Comp 1 Corinthians 15:20; Colossians 1:18; 2 Corinthians 4:11; 2 Corinthians 4:14. καὶ ἡμᾶς ἐξεγερεῖ (978) ] The bodily change in the case of those still alive at the time of the Parousia ( 1 Corinthians 15:51 ; 2 Corinthians 5:2-4 ; 1 Thessalonians 4:15 ff.) Their experience would not be dissimilar. This is meant by the phrase so frequent in the writings of the New Testament, of sitting at the right hand of God (Mk. From this, it seems mandatory to view the genuine gift at Corinth as different from that of Pentecost, and also of far less importance, even that genuine gift (at Corinth) being by Paul ranked last among spiritual gifts. was written, new revelations suited to the new dispensation were given 1 Corinthians 14:29; 1 Corinthians 14:30. "but rather"-"and above all" (NEB); "and especially" (Gspd). This erroneous judgment the apostle now proceeds to correct. This letter is either lost or it may be in 2 Corinthians6:14–7:1. (5) These injunctions are declared to be "the commandments of the Lord" 1 Corinthians 14:36; 1 Corinthians 14:37. Follow after charity — as your first and chief aim, seeing that it is “the greatest” (1 Corinthians 13:13). Comparison Of Tongues And Prophecy (14:1-25), 'Go on following after love, and go on being earnestly desirous of what is spiritual (spiritual things). 1. The Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament (2:101) said in 1 Corinthians 14:1 desire means the "desire to attain goals or to be devoted to someone." Pursue after Love (let it be your great aim,—important and enduring as that grace has been shewn to be): meantime however (during that pursuit; making that the first thing, take up this as a second) strive for spiritual gifts [see note on ch. Chrysostom, Theodoret, and Theophylac. Farther, possessing that gift in the manner of an habit which they could exercise at pleasure, they were exceedingly fond of shewing it in the public assemblies, by speaking often and long in foreign languages, without regarding whether their hearers understood them or not. 1 Corinthians 14, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a … As Paul said in, : “Set your hearts, then, on the more important gifts.”, Because we use “prophecy” to mean “predicting the future,” it is not the best word of translation. For this reason they were ready to put the gift of speaking in tongues above that of prophecy. Furthermore, as discussed in the commentary on12:11, the Holy Spirit apparently determined that some Christians would receive only one gift. 1 Corinthians 14:1. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) 1 Corinthians 13:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Corinth was an important and wealthy city on the isthmus (narrow strip of land) separating Northern and Southern Greece. Inthat letter, I told you to have nothing to do with men with bad character’ (1Corinthians 5:9). Finding A Treasure. But why should we seek that which is in the sovereign hands of God? 2 For one who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God; for no one understands, but in his spirit he speaks mysteries. 14:62; Lu. —Which are for the few, and are transient. It is plain from the present chapter that the Corinthians measured the worth of the several spiritual gifts not so much from their power to edify the church, as from their adaptedness to strike the beholders with wonder. (1 Corinthians 14:26) "The spirits of prophets are subject to the control of prophets. * [14:1–5] 1 Cor 14:1b returns to the thought of 1 Cor 12:31a and reveals Paul’s primary concern. For he tacitly reproves the want of love, as appearing in this — that they had hitherto abused their gifts, and, inferring from what goes before, that where they do not assign to love the chief place, they do not take the right road to the attainment of true excellence, he shows them how foolish their ambition is, which frustrates their hopes and desires. Итак, Павел придерживается наилучшего правила, не отвергая ничего полезного, но, при этом, увещевая коринфян не предпочитать из-за порочной зависти меньшего большему. There are no miraculously endowed teachers today, despite Satan's having induced a few to fake even this. And fancying themselves the most honourable of all the spiritual men, because their gift was habitual, they claimed the privilege of speaking in the public assemblies preferably to others; whereby some who were better qualified to edify the church, were often obliged to be silent.". And at times this is viewed as totally wrong with regard to all of the church 1. 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